Hidden impacts: How Europe's resource overconsumption promotes global land conflicts

7 March 2013

Based on newly available data this report sheds lights on Europe’s role as a major user of global land resources.

Europe’s high consumption levels, and insatiable appetite for meat, dairy, textiles and other products that require large areas of land, mean Europe’s 'land footprint' remains one of the largest in the world.  

The report finds that the EU is importing the equivalent of 1,212,050 square kilometres to meet its demand for food. This accounts for 45% of the land needed for the production of the food that the EU consumes. This contributes to climate change, biodiversity loss, and negative social impacts like land-grabbing.

    • Agriculture

      Food and farming in Europe and its global impacts

    • Agrofuels

      Plant-based fuels from agriculture. Also known as biofuels

    • EU-US trade deal

      What’s at stake in negotiations for a transatlantic trade agreement

    • Food speculation

      Betting on foodstuffs, and how to regulate it

    • GMOs

      Genetically modified crops and organisms

    • Land

      Measuring Europe’s land footprint and tackling the drivers of land grabbing

    • Nature

      Standing up for our right to nature

    • Nature

      Standing up for our right to nature

    • Resource use

      Europe’s consumption of land, materials, water and carbon

    • Shale gas

      Unconventional oil and gas, and the ‘fracking’ process

    • Tar sands

      Unconventional oil, also known as oil sands

    • Water use

      Measuring Europe’s water footprint