Hidden impacts: How Europe's resource overconsumption promotes global land conflicts

7 March 2013

Based on newly available data this report sheds lights on Europe’s role as a major user of global land resources.

Europe’s high consumption levels, and insatiable appetite for meat, dairy, textiles and other products that require large areas of land, mean Europe’s 'land footprint' remains one of the largest in the world.  

The report finds that the EU is importing the equivalent of 1,212,050 square kilometres to meet its demand for food. This accounts for 45% of the land needed for the production of the food that the EU consumes. This contributes to climate change, biodiversity loss, and negative social impacts like land-grabbing.

    • Agriculture

      Food and farming in Europe and its global impacts

    • Agrofuels

      Plant-based fuels from agriculture. Also known as biofuels

    • Biodiversity

      Species and habitat protection in Europe and around the globe

    • GMOs

      Genetically modified crops and organisms

    • Land

      Measuring Europe’s land footprint and tackling the drivers of land grabbing

    • Biodiversity

      Species and habitat protection in Europe and around the globe

    • Extractive industries

      Oil and gas exploration, and mining

    • Land

      Measuring Europe’s land footprint and tackling the drivers of land grabbing

    • Tar sands

      Unconventional oil, also known as oil sands

    • Water use

      Measuring Europe’s water footprint